Tutorial Router Microtik
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The ultimate heavy-duty home lab router with USB 3.0, 1G and2.5G Ethernet and a 10G SFP+ cage. You can mount four of thesenew routers in a single 1U rackmount space! Unprecedentedprocessing power in such a small form factor.
The new MikroTik flagship with the power of a whole fleet.Unleash the power of 100 Gigabit networking with L3 HardwareOffloading! This router can be a handy drop-in upgrade forexisting CCR1072 setups.
MikroTik manufactures routers, switches and wireless systems for every purpose, from small office or home, to carrier ISP networks, there is a device for every purpose. See our product catalog for a complete list of our products and their features.
The MikroTik RouterOS is very powerful and flexible and is widely used in all kinds of environments from a simple home user network to large enterprise networks. This tutorial is intended to help you understand the MikroTik RouterOS and to show you how to configure a MikroTik router from start to finish with some of the most commonly used settings. Much of the configuration and theory in this tutorial comes from the book RouterOS by Example by Stephen R.W Discher which is an excellent learning tool and companion to anyone beginning to dabble in the MikroTik world. The book can be purchased here: -b2.html
Download WinBox from and save it to you Desktop. Open WinBox by double-clicking it (no installation required) and connect to your router by clicking on the MAC address in the Neighbor tab. Just make sure you are not plugged into port 1 on the router as this becomes the internet port later.
With the bridge window still open click on the Ports tab and one at a time add ether2, ether3, ether4, ether5 and any wlan interfaces you have. My router has two wlan interfaces or wireless local area network interfacs. One for 2.4 GHz and one for 5 GHz however yours may have only one wlan interface so just add that one to the bridge.
From here on, anytime you connect to the router using WinBox, click the IP address instead of the MAC address and use admin as the username and the password you created above. Both username and password are case sensitive.
To point the router to a public DNS server go to IP, DNS, click the down arrow to the right of the Servers field and type 220.127.116.11 tick Allow Remote Requests so LAN computers can make DNS requests and click OK.
Go to Interfaces, double click wlan1, click the Advanced Mode button on the right then change the Security Profile from default to whatever you named the new security profile then click OK. Again, I used DemoTest for this tutorial.
Firewalls can be very complex. For the purpose of this tutorial and in basic terms, there are a few things to consider with firewall rules and how the router looks at network traffic. Specifically, connection types, where they come from and where they are going. The router looks at source or Src packets and destination or Dst packets.
*** This rule allows the router to be administered from anywhere on your LAN however it can be further restricted to one or a number of devices. These further restrictions are beyond the scope of this tutorial. ***
For the purpose of this tutorial we are concerned with two types of IP addresses. The first type is private IP addresses which is what we used for our private local area network or LAN. The addresses we used are from this subnet, 192.168.100.0/24. This is the network we are protecting from the internet with our firewall rules.
Private IP addresses are not designed to be used on the public internet. Therefore, we need to translate our private IP addresses to a public IP address so the computers on our LAN can interact with computers on the internet which is our public network or WAN. To do this our router needs to strip off the private IP addresses from packets destined to the internet from our LAN and replace them with the public IP address assigned to our WAN port. This is called NAT or Network Address Translation.
The rest of this tutorial covers two options to replace your fibre broadband router with a MikroTik router. You may need to contact your service provider for connection details. Something to note is that if you have an analogue phone connected to your broadband modem for VOIP services through your ISP, those configuration details are beyond the scope of this tutorial and are not included. As an explanation, some broadband modems convert digital Voice Over IP or VOIP data to analogue sound waves via a built-in ATA or Analogue Telephone Adaptor so that an older analogue phone can be used by plugging it directly into the modem. Again, these configuration details are beyond the scope of this tutorial and are not included.
New Zealand ISPs have different requirements for connecting a customer-provided router to their service. Most require VLAN 10 to be added to the WAN port and from there, their requirements seem to differ. Some only require the WAN port and/or VLAN 10 to be configured to automatically receive an IP address via DHCP and some require the additional setting of a PPPoE Client for authentication.
Reconnect to the router and go to System, Routerboard and click the Upgrade button. If a new version is available it will be listed in the Upgrade Firmware field and will show a higher version number than the Current Firmware version number. If a new version is available click Yes to upgrade the firmware.
When connecting the first time to the router with the default username admin and no password (for some models, check user password on the sticker), you will be asked to reset or keep the default configuration (even if the default config has only an IP address). Since this article assumes that there is no configuration on the router you should remove it by pressing "r" on the keyboard when prompted or click on the "Remove configuration" button in WinBox.
A router might have DNS cache enabled, which decreases resolving time for DNS requests from clients to remote servers. In case DNS cache is not required on your router or another router is used for such purposes, disable it.
MikroTik routers support many VPN services, including NordVPN. In particular, MikroTik routers with RouterOS version 6.45 and later let you establish an IKEv2 EAP VPN tunnel to a NordVPN server. This tutorial explains how you can connect to a VPN on your MicroTik router.
Here are the commands to show the mac address table on a MikroTik Router. In addition to using the command line to show the mac address table, this tutorial I will also show you how to search for a specific MAC address and filter the table to show mac addresses learned through a specific port. There are actually several commands that you should know, depending on how your router is configured.
I hope you have enjoyed this tutorial about how to query the mac address table from the RouterOS command line. Did I miss something? Leave a comment below and checkout my other MikroTik Tutorials.
Dear JC ,Your tutorial is fantastic.It was very easy to setup. I have configured IPV4 and IPV6 static DNS of Cloudfare and rest as per your document. IPv4 is working fine but I have issue with IPV6 DNS resolution.I am getting IPv6 address but If i ping any ipv6 domain i am getting Error,so please help.
I setup on the DHCP the router as only DNS server, but the android phones use 18.104.22.168 as DNS server. You can solve this problem in IPv4: _users_to_use_specified_DNS_server How can I solve this in IPv6?
During my efforts to establish an L2TP VPN on our MikroTik RouterOS I poured over countless guides and tutorials. So when I finally had a working VPN what did I do? Wrote my own guide of course! This guide uses the WebFig interface, but the principles apply to WinBox as well.
This is first part of a tutorial how to achieve load-balancing of a service on two servers. In this part we will focus on the network side and I will show how to use a Mikrotik home router as a load-balancer. Also I will show you the basic things Mikrotik can do for you like tracking the servers with pings and if one goes down reroute all the traffic to the remaining servers and/or send you email that one of the physical servers have failed.
Well, I just love when my little piece of routing HW can surprise me with being able to do something more than originally intended when I was buying it 3 years ago for around 50 EUR. So in summary, I hope you liked this quick tutorial.
L3 switches are crossbred between advanced routers (L3) and plain switches (L2), with an ability to perform traffic routing based on a Network Layer (L3) using IP Addresses, group network segments / hosts into Virtual LANs (VLAN), and so on.
INTERNET||ISP ROUTER / GATEWAY @ 192.168.1.1||LAN Cable (connected between ISP router/gateway client port and any MikroTik's LAN port)||MikroTik Router configured as Switch/Bridge/AP||LAN Cable(s) (-1 available port) or Wireless link (other Wi-Fi devices connected to MikroTik's Wi-Fi)||Multiple PCs/Printers/Phones/IoT Devices @ 192.168.1.* over LAN/Wi-Fi [same network segment / no network change]
This mode is derived from Switch / Wireless Access Point Bridge Mode configuration above. You must have a working MikroTik router configured with previous steps first (PART 1) before proceeding to the following steps (hence the continuous STEPs numbering scheme in parentheses).
STEP 2 (9)Run WinBox app and connect to MikroTik router using MAC address (default password is blank / empty). Alternatively, switch to Neighbors tab to find your router on local network connection automatically.
MikroTik router is now configured as a basic Ethernet LAN 2 Wireless Bridge / Switch (LAN 2 Wi-Fi adapter), allowing you to connect multiple wired LAN devices to Internet over Wi-Fi wireless network bridge to your main ISP router/gateway or another router in another room or department using the same network segment (no subnet change). Remember, your ISP router/gateway is still doing all the smart routing and DHCP stuff! 2b1af7f3a8